Introduction Forest Sector Support Partnership

Tác giả

Since 1999, the Forestry Partnership and the Government of Viet Nam have experienced 3 development phases: (i) Partnership for supporting 5 Million Hectares Reforestation Program (5MHRP), 1999-2001; (ii) Forest Sector Support Program and Partnership (FSSP&P), 2001-2006; and (iii) Forest Sector Support Partnership (FSSP or also called Forestry Partnership) from late 2006.

FSSP is aimed to have “An effective Forestry Partnership among government, private sector, non-governmental and international stakeholders contributes to implementation of the Viet Nam Forestry Development Strategy (2006 – 2020), by promoting information sharing, increasing policy dialogue and collaboration on important forest sector issues, and maximizing the effectiveness of the activities of the Partnership members aimed to support the forestry sector of Viet Nam.

In order to meet the objectives, FSSP has developed and put in place its institutional structure (Partnership forum, Partnership Steering Committee (PSC), Technical/ Executive Committee (TEC), Regional Forestry Networks (RFNs), FSSP Coordination Office (FSSPCO)), developed and utilized a range of instruments (annual review meetings, thematic workshop, Regional Forestry Network meeting, investment forum, thematic newsletters, FSSP website, FOMIS, thematic articles and publications on key issues in the Strategy or sectoral ones in reality, policy evaluation and economic – technical evaluation done by international and domestic experts, and participation in regional and international fora and initiatives).

As the result, Forest Sector Support Partnership has made substantial contributions recently with sectoral achievements reflecting in following aspects:

PSSP – An effective forum for information sharing and policy dialogue

FSSP has created plenty of fora, where Government of Viet Nam and international and domestic partners could exchange information on scientific technology, management, institutions and policies relating to forestry at national, regional and global scale. Through information sharing and policy dialogue fora, FSSP has definitely made remarkable contributions on important issues of the forest sector of Viet Nam, such as in development of Forest Protection and Development Law 2004, development and implementation of National Forestry Strategy 2001 – 2010, and Viet Nam Forestry Development Strategy 2006 – 2020, and other legal documents of the sector.

FSSP – Strengthening resource mobilization, coordination and cooperation in key fields of the sector

FSSP has played an important role in mobilizing resources for the sector and strengthening coordination and cooperation among partners, resulting in substantial contributions in improving resource utilization efficiency (including efficiency), it especially attracted concerns and resources of stakeholders, contributing to resolution of key issues in implementation of the sectoral strategy, e.g. supporting the steering committees of 5 key VFDS programs.

FSSP – Respond to newly emerging issues

Recently, FSSP has worked actively and flexibly to meet new requirements, especially in Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). In addition, FSSP CO has been playing Secretariat role for REDD National Working Group and Network as well as Vietnam’s stakeholders in accessing support from regional and international initiatives, e.g. Asia Pacific Forestry Commission (APFC), National Forestry Programme (NFP), Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (APFNet).

The forest sector is under institutional restructuring process aimed at strengthening the sectoral governance and improving the effectiveness and comprehensiveness in forestry – based state administration. With the establishment of Directorate of Forestry (VNDoF) on the basis of reorganizing two forestry agencies, i.e. Department of Forestry and Forest Protection Department, the institutional and organizational structure of the sector will be changed accordingly and appropriately. Along with the mandate of maximizing significantly support for the sector, FSSP needs to change itself in terms of functions, operations and organizational structure to better support the forest sector in the coming time.

Beside that Viet Nam is going to become middle – income country at low level and facing global challenges on climate change, energy security, food security and biodiversity conservation, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and Partners agreed that FSSP will continue to play important roles contributing to the development and implementation of Viet Nam Forestry Development Strategy 2006-2020 especially in 2011-2015 period.

FSSP’s development orientation in 2011-2015 is to strengthen its contributions to the forest sector in 3 dimensions:

  • Firstly, FSSP’s policy dialogue will be improved with higher strategic level by focusing its priority on strategic issues of the sector, reviewing current policies and orientating development of appropriate policies.
  • Secondly, FSSP will expand its membership to private sector, profession associations, local NGOs so as to be better listening from and making full use of various experiences, contributions and proposals of such agencies towards VFDS implementation at national, regional and local levels.
  • Thirdly, FSSP will further improve the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) systems for (i) VFDS implementation; (ii) process and results of implementing conclusions, proposals and recommendations (from workshops, fora… under FSSP) for the forest sector in VFDS implementation; and (iii) FSSP activities.

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